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August 2009
Ku Band LNB

Q.1 : I want to buy a Ku Band LNB and dish for watching Free-to-Air channels, particularly any French TV? (Sajid Hussain, Balochistan)

Ans: There is only one French channel available on Ku-Band. It is TV 5 on NSS-6 at 95 Degree East, at 11.038 GHz frequency in vertical polarization. This is available on Dish TV. This channel is also available on Asiasat 3s at 105.5 Degree, as a free to air channel on C-Band. For this you require a large C-Band dish and LNB. A digital receiver can receive Ku as well C Band signals.

CAS in Indian Metro

Q.2 : Which STBs are being used for CAS in Indian Metro Cities? (Parkash Lal, Mumbai)

Ans: There are all types of Digital STBs being used in the CAS notified areas of the metros. Kindly specify your question. Do you wish to know the brands of STBs or the CAS being used in them by different MSOs? CAS systems being used in India are Conax, NDS, Irdeto, Nagravision, Viaccess, Enigma and Latens. All DTH platform use CAS but only specified areas of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and whole of Chennai are using CAS on cable.

Dish installer

Q.3 : I heard from my dish installer that I will experience a few minutes outage from my satellite TV during certain dates in March and September every year. What is the reason? (Asif Kamal, Karachi)

Ans: The scenario you described is called Sun Outage. Sun outage is a natural phenomenon that occurs when the Sun passes behind the satellite and is within the field of view of an antenna on the ground. During the period, the Sun's energy will momentarily interfere with the satellite signals received by the antenna. Sun outage occurs two times a year: around the Spring and the Fall Equinox. Usually each outage will only last for a few minutes depending on the location of receive site, and the size of the receiving dish.

Free to air channels

Q.4 : I want to know all free to air channels available in India on Ku band. Also I want to know how can I get C Band channels with the same Ku band dish? (Mohammad Noman, Peshawar)

Ans: If you see our satellite chart, you will see the satellites that have footprints in Pakistan. This will indicate the channels you can receive in Pakistan. Where we write FTA, they are the free-to-air channels. You can not tune C-Band channels on a Ku-Band system because frequencies handled by the C Band LNB are very different. A Ku-Band LNB can receive channels from 10.7 GHz to 12.75 Ghz where as, C-Band LNB can receive channels from 3.7-4.2Ghz. Ku-Band frequencies have a very short wave length in comparison to C-Band frequency and hence require a small dish. It can not receive C-Band signals efficiently. A C-Band Dish, however, can receive Ku-Band signals if the perforations on the dish are very small, smaller than YA of an inch. Standard digital receiver can receive both C-Band as well as Ku-Band signals.

Best receiver

Q.5 : Can I view all the FTA channels mentioned in the channel link of your website? Please recommend the best STB available and its approximate price. (Zafar Iqbal, Rawalpindi)

Ans: There are hundreds of free-to-air channels mentioned in our website which can be received from different satellites. To ensure their reception please see if your location falls well within the footprints of the satellite that you wish to receive. Use the size of the dish appropriate to the EIRP of the signal at your location. Select a good LNB, preferably a universal one so that all frequencies can be received. Your receiver should preferably have a blind scan facility so that you can receive Ku-Band Channels which are not even fed into your receiver. You have to adjust the dish on a particular satellite before receiving any channel from it. So you must know the azimuth and elevation angles of the satellites to set your dish. We have given these parameters in the channel choice charts for a few selected cities, which can be taken as a reference. These are given on the website as well as in the magazine. A good receiver should cost around Rs 4000/- to Rs 6000/-.

DD channels

Q.6 : I am residing at Dubai. Previously with a Dish I could view FTA channels viz sun TV, DD Podhighai etc but for the past one month I could not view the same. Please tell me how can I see these DD channels and other free to air Indian channels? (Sadiq Mehmood, Dubai)

Ans: You have not mentioned the satellite from which you were receiving the free-to-air channels including Sun TV, DD Podhighai etc. We presume that you were watching NSS-6 satellite and DD Direct FTA signals on a large Ku-Band dish. NSS-6 foot-prints touched Dubai so you could receive them. However, now DD Direct Channels have shifted to Insat-4B which does not have footprints over Dubai. So you stopped receiving them since one month. Also, Sun TV has left DD Direct platform. In fact, as DD is renegotiating with private channels to carry them on their DTH platform, you will not get any private channels for the time being. If you are interested in watching DD Channels, you could switch over to C Band and see all Doordarshan channels as Dubai falls in the coverage area of the Insat satellites. You could see Channel Choice Chart on our website to get the details.


Q.7 : Recently I have installed Dish TV & DD DTH+ at home. I am getting only DD DTH+ channels & 12 Radio channels. (Imran-u-Zaman, via e-mail)

Ans: What you are getting at present is only DD DTH Channels. Feed the parameters of Dish TV and you will get FTA Channels of Dish TV. If you buy their subscription card, you will be able to see their pay Channels too. Dish TV gives 160 Channels. You may install an 8 feet dish with Ku-Band as well as a C-Band LNB on this to receive a number of C-Band as well as Ku-Band Satellites. Please see the Channel Choice Chart for channel parameters on various Satellites.


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